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Do Carbon Nanotubes and Asbestos Fibers Exhibit Common Toxicity Mechanisms?

Gupta, Suchi Smita; Singh, Krishna P.; Gupta, Shailendra; Dusinska, Maria; Rahman, Qamar


Tidsskrift: Nanomaterials, vol. 12, 1708, 2022

Arkiv: hdl.handle.net/11250/2996941
Doi: doi.org/10.3390/nano12101708

During the last two decades several nanoscale materials were engineered for industrial and medical applications. Among them carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are the most exploited nanomaterials with global production of around 1000 tons/year. Besides several commercial benefits of CNTs, the fiber-like structures and their bio-persistency in lung tissues raise serious concerns about the possible adverse human health effects resembling those of asbestos fibers. In this review, we present a comparative analysis between CNTs and asbestos fibers using the following four parameters: (1) fibrous needle-like shape, (2) bio-persistent nature, (3) high surface to volume ratio and (4) capacity to adsorb toxicants/pollutants on the surface. We also compare mechanisms underlying the toxicity caused by certain diameters and lengths of CNTs and asbestos fibers using downstream pathways associated with altered gene expression data from both asbestos and CNT exposure. Our results suggest that indeed certain types of CNTs are emulating asbestos fiber as far as associated toxicity is concerned.